||Design of Triplex residential buildings.
||A well- engineered and stable building structure can be easily prepared with the help of modern computer aided tools like AUTOCAD, STAAD PRO. Etc. The structure obtained after analysing are more likely to be safe and durable.
||Use of recycled materials in road construction.
||With the advancement of the street business and developing movements on streets, development materials have likewise been developed and offbeat fixings have been joined. Recovered black top asphalt, plastic squanders, reused squashed glass, steel slag, oil shale sand are in the midst of the extensive rundown.
||Highway network system.
||Highway network system shows the details of the road network system. With the advancement of better roads and efficient control, more and more investments were made in the road sector. To improve the road control modern soil stabilization techniques has been used. This will help to construct the road in a better way.
||Design and plan of college hostel.
||This project provides the details of girl’s and boy’s hostel design. The construction should have proper planning and designing methods to fulfil the requirement of the person and the site should also provide as easy access from the nearest road.
||Polymer fibre reinforced concrete pavements (PFRC)
||PFRC can be used advantageously over normal concrete pavements. Polymeric fibres such as polyester or polypropylene are being used due to their cost effectiveness as well as corrosion resistance properties.
||Economical configuration of RCC and prestressed shell roofs.
||Shells or skin space roofs are preferable to plane roofs since they can be used to cover large floor spaces with economical use of construction materials. This project gives considerable design and strength which is achieved by the eccentric application of pre-stressing pressure.
||Primary treatment of waste water
||This is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater and household sewage, both runoff and domestic. Common methods of disinfections include ozone, chlorine. UV light and sodium hydrochloride. The treated water is ready to be released back for everyday human usage.
||Usage of waste tyre rubber in bituminous concrete
||This Waste Tyresage Rubber paper is proposed to concentrate the practicality of the waste tire elastic as a mixing material in bitumen, which is utilized for street development.
||Impact Of Rice Husk Ash On Cement Concrete
||Indian Standard code of practice for reinforced concrete and plain 456- 2000recommends use of Rice Husk Ash in concrete. Rice Husk Ash minimizes alkali-aggregate reaction, reduces expansion, polishes pore structure and hinders diffusion of alkali ions to the surface of aggregate by micro porous structure.
||Water Sample Testing
||The purpose of this project is to better understand environmental impacts of our actions on the local streams and rivers, the scientific studies of water quality and application of the results thus obtained. The understanding is to make the significance of the results.
||Real Time Automatic Irrigation System
||The Microcontroller based irrigation system proves to be a real time feedback control system which monitors and controls all the activities of drip irrigation system efficiently. Using this system, one can save manpower and water to improve production and ultimately profit.
||Retrofitting Of Rc Beams With Externally Bonded SIMCON Laminates
||SIMCON laminates properly bonded to the tension face of RC beams can enhance the flexural strength substantially. A flexible epoxy system will ensure that the bond line does not break and participate fully in the structural resistance of the strengthened beams.
||Protection Repair And Maintenance Of RCC Structures
||This project presents an analysis of concrete illnesses, curing treatments, and problems leading to unsatisfactory performance of repaired concrete structures.
||Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Beams with Coconut Shell as Coarse Aggregates
||This project aims at analysing flexural and compressive strength characteristics of concrete produced using crushed, granular coconut as substitutes for conventional coarse aggregate with partial replacement using M30 grade concrete. Beams are casted, tested and their physical and mechanical properties are determined.
||Alternate And Low Cost Construction Materials And Techniques
||The report shows the types of construction which are economical and thermally comfortable for rural houses. The construction is simple, low cost and can be constructed on self-help basis. This project also shed light on cement replacement and their cost reduction with its utilization, materials and techniques.
||Slump and strength characteristics of super plasticized concrete
||The workability and compressive strength of concrete increases with the use of super plasticizers. Super plasticizers in concrete confer some beneficial effects such as acceleration, retardation, air entrainment, water reduction, plasticity etc.
||Waste water treatment
||The major aim of wastewater treatment is to remove as much of the suspended solids as possible before the remaining water, called effluent, is discharged back to the environment.
||Green Pave Technology
||Green Pave is an innovative soil stabilization approach to road construction that uses alternative binders to engineer sustainable and durable pavement out of native soils.
||Red mud as Partial replacement of cement in concrete
||Water absorption of concrete increases with increased percentage of red mud. Increased percentage of red mud increases the water absorption and decreases the strength of concrete.
||Apartment Building design by STAAD PRO
||This project aims for relearning the concept of structural design with the help of computer aids. Understanding of design and detailing concept.
||Drip irrigation Design
||In an agriculture field to improve the water resourcesdrip irrigation is very good choice.
||Rubber isolator Building design
||Rubber bearings need replacement once the structure experience moderate to large earthquake because of the failure of the lead. Semi-active control system is considered a potential and feasible alternative that can reduce the response of base-isolated buildings subjected to service load.
||Chimney design by using SAP2000
||A chimney structure which provides ventilation for smoke. . This work presents a numerical procedure to simulate the nonlinear analysis of the Reinforced Concrete Chimney subjected to strong ground motion.
||Water supply and sanitation study for village
||The main objective of this study was to assess the water supply and sanitation situation in the village. By conducting an assessment one can determine water supply and sanitation coverage of this area and identify water supply and sanitation problems in the village and then propose solutions to improve water supply and sanitation coverage.
||G+21 story Building design by STAAD PRO or ETABS
||Designing using SoftwarE like STAADreduces lot of time in design work. Details of each and every member can be obtained using STAAD PRO
||Effect of Wind Load on Tall Buildings by ETABS
||The general design requirements for structural strength and serviceability assume particular importance in the case of tall building design as significant dynamic response can result from both buffeting and cross-wind wind loading excitation mechanisms.
||Laboratory study on soil stabilization using fly ash mixtures
||Soil stabilization is one of most important for construction purposes which is widely used in connection with road pavement and foundation construction because it improves the engineering properties of soil such as strength, volume stability and durability
||Study of liquefaction of soil
||Liquefaction is the phenomena when there is loss of strength in saturated and cohesion-less soils because of increased pore water pressures and hence reduced effective stresses due to dynamic loading. I
||Ground Improvement techniques
||The ground can be improved by adapting certain ground improvement techniques. Vibro-compaction increases the density of the soil by using powerful depth vibrators. Vacuum consolidation is used for improving soft soils by using a vacuum pump.
||Analysis of Traffic Flow
||Traffic analysis is the process of intercepting and examining messages in order to deduce information from patterns in communication, which can be performed even when the messages are encrypted
||Mechanical properties Concrete by using Metakaoline as Cement
||Cement concrete is the most extensively used construction material. Maintenance and repair of concrete structures is a growing problem involving significant expenditure. Metakaolin looks to be a promising supplementary cementations material for high performance concrete. Properties of concrete with metakaolin are mostly preferred additives in high performance concrete
||Usage of Plastic waste for the Soil stabilization
||Soil stabilization is the process which improves the physical properties of soil, such as shear strength, bearing capacity which can be done by use of controlled compaction or addition of suitable admixtures like cement, lime, sand, fly ash or by providing geo textiles, geo synthetics etc.
||Irrigation System analysis
||The structured system concept in irrigation projects is about maintaining control of the water flow through the use of proportional devices without human intervention, intermittent water supply in the distributary canals and a systematic operation plan
||Experimental study on concrete by replacement of cement by glass powder
||The introduction of waste glass in cement will increase the alkali content in the cement. It also helps in bricks and ceramic manufacture and it preserves raw materials, decreases energy consumption and volume of waste sent to landfill.
||Flexible pavement design by CBR method
||Flexible pavement design by CBR method is used to determine the total thickness of pavement.
||Intermittent curing of M20 and M30 grade concrete
||The water curing in the concrete specimens for test included 3,7,9,12,15,18,21,24 and 28 days. The comprehensive and comparative study of intermittent curing and the wet curing of M20 was sought.
||Estimation and costing of General 2BHK Building
||The preparations of detailed construction estimate consist of working out quantities of various items of work and then determine the cost of each item.
||Study on strength properties of concrete by using polypropylene fibres
||In this study the influence of different amount of polypropylene fibres content on concrete properties were investigated by measuring compressive strength and splitting Tensile strength.
||Calculation of evaporation transpiration
||Evaporation is the primary process of water transfer in the hydrological cycle. The water is transformed into vapour and transported to the sky.
||Effect of Earth quack load and wind load on Residential Building By ETABS
||Analysis and design of a residential building having G+ 5 storeys is done. Analysis is done by using the software ETABS V9.2, which proved to be of great potential in analysis and design of various sections. The structural elements like RCC frame and retaining walls are also provided
||Experimental study on the replacement of cement by Egg shell powder
||Egg shell powder obtained from industrial wastes is added in various ratios for cement replacement and it was found that replacement of 5% Egg shell powder + 20 % Microsilica can be added without any reduction in compressive strength properties of conventional cement. And replacement of 5% Egg shell powder + 10% Microsilica replacement in cement yields similar flexural strength as in conventional concrete. And replacement of 5% Egg shell powder + 10% Microsilica replacement in cement yields higher Split Tensile strength as compared to other compositions.
||Lateral Load Resisting System Of Building By Using Different Types Of Bracings By ETABS
||The % difference of lateral displacement is more in seismic co-efficient method and lesser in response spectrum method. - While using dia-grid system, model shows the minimum displacement in comparison to other models in time history analysis. - Overall drift reduces in outrigger system compared to other system. - Fluctuation in drift is observed where the outriggers are connected to the core.
||Mixing Ratio in Concrete
||Besides water content also largely determine the strength & workability of concrete. Greater the amount of water, higher will be the workability of concrete (more fluid) however it reduces the strength of concrete. But if you keep water too low, workability of water will also reduce. Therefore, it will be difficult to place such concrete in the structure. Amount of water required may vary for same volume of concrete for various grades of concrete. Hence, a balance has to be found in the construction site during concrete mixing.
||Multi Story Building Design By ETABS
||The preparation of the project has provided an excellent opportunity in planning and designing of multi-storeyed hostel building. 2. This project has given an opportunity to re-collect and co-ordinate the various methods of designing and engineering principles which we have learnt in our lower classes.
||Utilization of Demolished concrete waste for new construction
||Water absorption increases from 1.5% (for 100% fresh new aggregate) to 4.6% (for 100% dismantled aggregate) which shows (Table I) more requirement of water that is higher w/c ratio for making concrete mix, while large percentage of dismantled coarse aggregate is to be used, which is supplemented by slump observations for the mixes . 2. The higher percentage of recycled aggregate increases the crushing value of the aggregates .In Saudi Arabia, the general specifications for roads and bridges are mentioned in the fifth section (Nov. 1998), Indian Roads Congress and ISI have specified that the aggregate crushing value of the coarse aggregates used for cement concrete pavement at surface should not exceed 30%. For aggregates used for concrete other than for wearing surfaces, the aggregate crushing value shall not exceed 45%, according to the IS (Indian Standard) code
||Circular Water Tank Design By STAAD PRO
||STAAD.Pro’s tank modelling features have been used to analyse and design water tanks, tanks used in the water purification and sewage industry, tanks in the nuclear energy production and nuclear waste storage industry.
||Pavements form the basic supporting structure in highway transportation. Each layer of pavement has a multitude of functions to perform which has to be duly considered during the design process. Different types of pavements can be adopted depending upon the traffic requirements. Improper design of pavements leads to early failure of pavements affecting the riding quality also.
||Strength properties of concrete by using Rice Husk ash
||Due to addition of RHA it is observed that early strength gain increases slightly with addition of 10%, 20% & 30% RHA in normal concrete at 7 days. 2. But in 28 days tests results it is found that with addition of 20% RHA in normal concrete strength is running parallel or more than of normal concrete. Thus 20% RHA is the optimum content for getting nearly equal strength at 28 days.
||Shear Wall Design By Using STAAD PRO
||The Values of Max. Tresca stresses are found to be decisive as far stress analysis of shear wall is concerned for the above stated building case. 2. Drifting is concentrated at or around mid-height for the building case, despite wind loads being at top storeys. 3. Leeward facing shear wall is stressed higher, particularly at mid-height level, in comparison with the windward facing shear wall as evident from stress contours. 4. A Shear wall designed as per provisions of IS: 456:2000 can be aptly used for buildings with low height; features of shear wall can be enhanced with provision of ductility considerations also.
||Experimental investigation for recycled coarse aggregate replaced for natural coarse aggregate in concrete
||Research on the usage of waste construction materials is very important as material waste is gradually increasing with the increase of population and urban development. The reasons that many investigations and analysis had been made on recycled aggregate are because recycled aggregate is easy to obtain and the cost is cheap.
||Experimental study on Copper slag as fine aggregates in concrete
||From the experimental investigations conducted, the following are the conclusions drawn. A. Copper slag is a suitable material for replacement of fine aggregate in concrete. B. Copper slag concrete showed considerable increase in strength when used with in permissible quantities. C. The maximum strength was achieved for 40 % replacement of fine aggregate with copper slag. Further addition of copper slag reduces the strength. D. Compressive Strength was increased by 3.16% when compared to Nominal mix for 40% replacement of fine aggregate with Copper Slag
||Study on Bamboo as Reinforcement in cement concrete
||The tensile strength filled with cement paste cured w/c=80% and 100% significantly increase with aging time. (2) The behaviour of pull-out test with bamboo is almost the same as the plain steel bar; however, the bond strength with bamboo was higher than the one with plain steel bar. It can be expected that the bond strength covering with full treatment shows the high value 1.2-1.35MPa
||Auditorium Design By STAAD PRO
||The project is about “Designing and Planning of Auditorium”. As this is a prayer hall, all the members of the staff assemble here. The total project includes designing of structural members like slab, beams, columns, footings. The designing has been done based on reference of IS code 456:2000 for concrete and SP 16 for steel. The software AutoCAD was used for drawings (plan, section, &elevation) and for drawing reinforcement details of slabs, columns, beams & footings.
||Suitability of Brick bats as coarse aggregates in concrete
||Crushed over burnt bricks can be used in place of river gravel in concrete production. Crushed over burnt bricks can be used to produce concrete with lower weight and hence lower dead loads as such can be used on low bearing capacity soils. Crushed over burnt bricks can also be used to produce concrete with higher compressive strength with reduced weights if the bricks are properly burnt. D. Reducing the water-cement ratio increases the compressive strength
||Theoretical analysis of soil nailing ,design ,performance and future aspect
||Soil nailing is embraced by practicing engineers as a highly competitive and well proven technique. Soil nailing has certain similarities to both reinforced earth and anchoring, although its particular operating principles and construction methods give it a firm and distinct identity. Similar considerations distinguish it from allied in situ soil reinforcing techniques such as reticulated root piles and soil dwelling. Most applications of soil nailing to date have been associated with new construction projects such as foundation excavations and slope stabilization, for both temporary and permanent works.
||Earth quack Resistant Building Design By Using Dampers
||By the installation of dampers in the building, the building acquires the resistance to the structure. Based on the results obtained from testing of building installed with damper and without dampers it is known that the displacement of the building decreases with the installation of the buildings. The replacement of fluid in the damper with glycerol is known to be effective based on the results obtained. Hence glycerol can also be used as a fluid in fluid viscous damper.
||Experimental study on contaminated groundwater
||Groundwater is the safest and most important source of available freshwater. However, it is threatened by pollution arising from various activities. In this study the contaminant transport in homogeneous medium is investigated by means of an experimental set-up designed for the hydrologic cycle available in Hydraulics Laboratory. The experiments are carried out in the physical aquifer chamber 2 m long, 1 m wide and 0.10 m high
||Non-Linear Dynamic analysis of Multi story Building
||Clearly, there are certain types of structure that require the use of the NDP to obtain a reasonable representation of their seismic response. The irregular structure types listed and the case studies discussed above fall into this category. Other analysis methods would either provide dangerously inaccurate assessments of these structures, because they ignore the implications of one or more of the structural characteristics that define structural response, or they would be overly conservative, perhaps limiting the ability to make use of innovative design solutions.
||Drinking water standards, testing and treatment.
||Drinking water quality standards describes the quality parameters set for drinking water. Despite the truism that every human on this planet needs drinking water to survive and that water may contain many harmful constituents, there are no universally recognized and accepted international standards for drinking water. Even where standards do exist, and are applied, the permitted concentration of individual constituents may vary by as much as ten times from one set of standards to another.
||Mix design of self-compacting concrete
||The following conclusions can be drawn on the basis of SCC mix design tool Self-Compacting Concrete is considered to be the most promising building material for the expected revolutionary changes on the job site as well as on the desk of designers and civil engineers.
||Effect of wind load on different terrain categories
||As the height of the model increases, deflection on top storey also increases Ø Due to wind load, Deflection on model-3 is more than model-2 and model-1 as shown in Fig-7,8, and 9 Ø In Model-1: Deflection in TG-1 is 6%, 19% and 38.3% more than TG-2, TG-3, and TG-4 on top storey
||Workability of self-compacting concrete
||The characterization of the behaviour in the fresh state is critical for self-compacting concrete (SCC), and it is usually performed through tests such as the slump flow or the V-funnel. A better description of SCC behaviour can be performed by using viscometers. It has been recognized that in SCC an adequate combination of the rheological parameters (yield stress and plastic viscosity) is required to obtain a mix with enough mobility but avoiding risks of segregation.
||Dynamic response of High Rise structures under influence of Shear walls
||Fundamental natural period decreases when effect concrete core wall is considered. Storey drifts are found within the limit as specified by code (IS 1893-2002 Part-1) in both linear and dynamic and non-linear static analysis.
||Fibre reinforced concrete
||Fibre reinforced concrete (FRC) is concrete containing fibrous material which increases its structural integrity. It contains short discrete fibres that are uniformly distributed and randomly oriented. Fibres include steel fibres, glass fibres, synthetic fibres and natural fibres.
||Self-consolidating concrete is a highly flow able type of concrete that spreads into the form without the need for mechanical vibration. Self-compacting concrete is a non-segregating concrete that is placed by means of its own weight
||Concrete which is made from concrete wastes that are eco-friendly are called “Green concrete”. The other name for green concrete is resource saving structures with reduced environmental impact for, CO2 emissions; waste water, etc. The goal of the Centre for Green Concrete is to reduce the environmental impact of concrete. To enable this, new technology is developed. The technology considers all phases of a concrete construction’s life cycle, i.e. structural design, specification, manufacturing and maintenance, and it includes all aspects of performance
||SCC with partial replacement of cement with fly ash and subjected to elevated temperature
||When SCC with partial replacement of cement with fly ash is tested at elevated temperature it shows higher strength with comparison to normal concrete.
||SCC with partial replacement of cement with silica fume
||When SCC with partial replacement of cement with silica fume is tested at elevated temperature it shows higher strength with comparison to normal concrete.
||Manufacture testing of fly ash brick
||Fly ash brick is a building material especially masonry units, containing class C or class F fly ash and water. The manufacturing method saves energy, reduces mercury pollution, and costs 20% less than traditional clay brick manufacturing.
||Light weight concrete
||The light weight concrete have less weight in comparison to normal concreteLight weight concrete is formed by using suitable light weight aggregate
||Portal frame analysis
||Approximate method of analysis of portal method is portal method and cantilever method provided at tension side.
||Plastic analysis of structure
||In plastic analysis of structure we find the collapse load of structure
||Design of sedimentation tank
||Besides other parameter, the design equation involves the completely removed minimum particle size.
||Solid waste management
||Solid waste management is a term that is used to refer to the process of collecting and treating solid waste.
||Effect of using fly-ash in concrete
||Fly ash improves workability for pavement concrete. Decreased water demand for a given slum. When fly ash is used at about 20% of the total cementations, water demand is reduced by approximately 10%.
||Effect of waste material on the properties of concrete
||Compressive strength and durability increase when we use waste material like sawdust and rise husk.
||High strength concrete
||High performance means that the concrete has one or more of the following properties low shrinkage, low permeability, a high modulus of elasticity
||Roadside Drainage System
||In order to maintain the life span and purpose of the road as designing road side drainage of adequate size and capacity, the discharge and all dimension produced can be used for the construction as it designed.
||THE Green Building As Sustainable Building
||Sustainable development involves an effort and mind set in utilizing best practices to ensure that our valuable resources are used in the most efficient way possible, that waste is minimized.
||Design And Analysis Of Earthquake Resistant Precast Concrete Building
||This project includes the works related to analysis, design, drawing and structural detailing of earthquake resistant residential building.
||Design And Operation Of Wastewater Treatment Plant.
||The principal objective of wastewater treatment is generally to allow human and industrial effluents to be disposed of without danger to human health or unacceptable damage to the natural environment.
||Duplex Residential Building
||Duplex residential buildings are prepared for living purposes. Due to change of the living standard of people,it is important to construct houses that looking beautiful and are well- designed.
||A Suspension Bridge
||In this case, the suspension cables must be anchored at each end of the bridge, since any load applied to the bridge is transformed into a tension in these main cables.
||A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle. There are many different designs that each serve a particular purpose and apply to different situations. Designs of bridges vary depending on the function of the bridge,
||Study On The Residential Building
||These building include any building in which sleeping accommodation are provided for normal residential purpose .it includes single or multifamily dwellings, apartment houses, hostels.
||Road are one of the mode of transportation which could give maximum service to one and all .It offers maximum flexibility for travel with reference to route, direction , time and speed of travel etc.
||Waste Material Used In Construction
||Recycling as part of environmental consideration has become a common feature in the construction industry. Construction and demolition debris is the waste material that results from the construction , renovation , or of any structure including buildings , roads, and bridges
||The study of tunnelling has become an area of increasing interest. Today there is a great need for large underground spaces for various purposes construction of a new hydropower projects, underground transportation etc.
||Low Head Hydropower Generation From Roadside Canal
||Small hydro power is a class in itself and is instrumental in the development of remote areas of the state. The future of development of small hydro projects in Uttarakhand state is bright and many power stations shall come up in future which will facilitate the development of rural areas of the state.
||Study Of Polymer Cement Concrete
||Polymer concretes are a type of concrete that use polymers to replace lime type cements as a binder. In some cases the polymer is used in addition to Portland cement to form polymer cement concrete or polymer modified concrete.
||Study Of Self Compacting Concrete
||SCC is a highly flow able type of concrete that spreads into the form without the need for mechanical vibration SCC is a non-segregation concrete that is placed by means of its own weight.
||Optimization technique of canal
||Proper planning and management of irrigation is vital in achieving food security for the burgeoning global population and sustaining livelihoods. Because irrigated agriculture is expected to provide more food, if managed properly
||Stabilization of soil by using different stabilizers
||Soil stabilization is the alteration of soil to enhance their physical properties. It helps in improving shear strength of soil.
||Dry density of soil
||The proctor compaction test is a laboratory method of experimentally determining the optimal moisture content at which soil will become most dense.
||We design pavement by two methods by flexible pavement and rigid pavement.
||environmental impact assessment of an area
||Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a term used to describe the total process of assessing the environmental effects of a development project.
||Decomposition of organic waste by vermi composting.
||In this earthworm are used to decompose the organic waste.
||This is used to remove collimation error and refraction error.